What makes a big city a metropolis; its sublime location, its metro system, its inspiring history, its concentration of headquarters, its multicultural population or its exciting nightlife? Defining the Metropolis is a design research which investigates the development of the metropolis. By examining several aspects of metropolitan development - at an international, regional and local scale - Association Deltametropolis in collaboration with the universities situated in the Randstad Holland acquires more insight into the possible further development of the Randstad Holand.
More thought given to the further development of the Randstad Holland - an urbanised area of 8 million inhabitants - from the angle of what appeals to people in a metropolis is needed. The population growth of the Randstad Holland is expected to occur by immigration and migration of youngsters out of the periphery into the cities. For these groups employment, education, acquaintances and kindred spirits are the main reasons for staying. If the Randstad Holland is to compete with other urban agglomerations employment, housing and facilities must be of top reputation.
Related project: P27_the International Perspectives
2o1o, Randstad Holland, The Netherlands
INTA International Urban Development Association is a global membership association of urban policy-makers and practitioners to share knowledge, experience and tools for integrated territorial development. INTA's ‘Communities of Competence’ are practical cross-disciplinary working platforms addressing specific issues identified within the membership that most likely will have a significant impact on urban society and businesses.
In the Community of Competence, the case of Randstad Holland was discussed. Defining the metropolis showed that some of the top urban facilities in the world are located in Randstad Holland. Although the inhabitants of Randstad Holland use a variety of these top urban facilities that are scattered around in Randstad Holland, they do not feel related to the urban agglomeration. Randstad Holland, a dispersal of urban areas each with a specific top urban facility, is there for lacking a ‘metropolitan atmosphere’. This conclusion made the discussion focus on the question: Can a polycentric system of different cities, like Randstad Holland, work as an integral metropolis?
Statements form the discussion:
- Randstad Holland can only become an integral metropolis if the inhabitants feel related to the scale of this urban agglomeration.
- Can Randstad Holland aggregate and concentrate when a suburban mentality prevails?
- The search for a metropolitan personality becomes crucial: how to create distinctiveness (cultural diversity, density and difference) in a polycentric system?
- The identity of a Nation is mainly built on a common history, which creates tradition, and tradition creates identity and political linkages. In a City, identity is built more often on the vision of a common future than on history. There is no common past and this weakens the identity. Thus, participation and interaction are needed to build both a common story and a common future.
Line Algoed (INTA), Lawrence Barth (Architectural Association School of Architecture), Eric Corijn (Free University Brussels), Stephan Cox (Ecorys UK), Lola Davidson (INTA), David Dooghe (Association Deltametropolis), Paul Gerretsen (Association Deltametropolis), Martijn Kanters (INTA), Rupert Kawka (Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban affairs and Spatial Development), Jeroen Laven (STIPO, Rotterdam), Viviana Rubbo (INTA), Michel Sudarskis (INTA)